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Black Inca Coeligena prunellei

  • Order: Caprimulgiformes
  • Family: Trochilidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Diana Carolina Macana and Johana Edith Zuluaga-Bonilla


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Black Inca
eBird range map for Black Inca

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

Black Inca is endemic to Colombia (Hilty and Brown 1986, Stiles 1998). This species is distributed between 1200-2800 m on the west slope of the Eastern Cordillera, from southeastern Santander and western Boyacá to western Cundinamarca, and on both slopes of the Serranía de los Yariguíes (Huertas and Donegan 2006, Donegan et al. 2007).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


The principal hábitat of Black Inca is the interior of humid montane forests, especially oaks forests (of the species Quercus humboldti and Trigonobalanus excelsa; Hilty and Brown 1986, Restall et al. 2006), Habitat of Black Inca. Arcabuco, Boyacá, Colombia © Johana Edith Zuluaga-Bonilla although depending upon resource availabilty the inca may forage in áreas away from intact forests, such as in forest fragments and in gardens with exotic (non native) flowering plants (Snow and Snow 1980, Daza and Villamarín 2006, Suárez-Pinzón and Torres-Pineda 2009). Daza and Villamarín (2006) observed, in the Reserva Biológica Cachalú, that males moved between forested habitats and forest fragments, while females only were recorded in forest interior.

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Macana, D. C. and J. E. Zuluaga-Bonilla (2013). Black Inca (Coeligena prunellei), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.