Distribution in the Americas
Black Inca is endemic to Colombia (Hilty and Brown 1986, Stiles 1998). This species is distributed between 1200-2800 m on the west slope of the Eastern Cordillera, from southeastern Santander and western Boyacá to western Cundinamarca, and on both slopes of the Serranía de los Yariguíes (Huertas and Donegan 2006, Donegan et al. 2007).
The principal hábitat of Black Inca is the interior of humid montane forests, especially oaks forests (of the species Quercus humboldti and Trigonobalanus excelsa; Hilty and Brown 1986, Restall et al. 2006), although depending upon resource availabilty the inca may forage in áreas away from intact forests, such as in forest fragments and in gardens with exotic (non native) flowering plants (Snow and Snow 1980, Daza and Villamarín 2006, Suárez-Pinzón and Torres-Pineda 2009). Daza and Villamarín (2006) observed, in the Reserva Biológica Cachalú, that males moved between forested habitats and forest fragments, while females only were recorded in forest interior.