Ecuadorian Trogon, formally considered a subspecies of Black-tailed Trogon (Trogon melanurus), inhabits humid forest, second growth forest and forest edge from sea level up to 1000 m in elevation. Its range is almost entirely within western Ecuador with a small portion of the range in extreme northwestern Peru. The upperparts of the male are bright iridescent green, with a bluish green rump, upper tailcoverts and central rectrices. The throat and face are black, grading into a bright green upper breast that is separated from the bright red lower breast and belly by a white band. The undertail is entirely black, the eyes are white, and the bill is yellow. The natural history of Ecuadorian Trogon is poorly studied, but it feeds on a mixture of fruit and arthropods, as do other species in the genus. The nesting biology of Ecuadorian Trogon previously was undescribed, but this account provides the first description of its nest and eggs.