The Black-headed Berryeater is a yellowish-green cotinga with a black hood that occurs in the lowland Atlantic forests of southeastern Brazil. It can be distinguished from the partly sympatric Hooded Berryeater (Carpornis cucullata), the only other species in its genus, by its stockier structure, greener upperparts, and diffuse barring below. It feeds on fruits, apparently relying more on larger fruits and fruits obtained during aerial sallies than the Hooded. The Black-headed Berryeater often is best detected by its whistled call or frenzied feeding movements at fruiting trees. Like many species of the lowland Atlantic forest, it is threatened by extensive habitat destruction.