A boldly-marked bird, the male Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher has a white throat that contrasts sharply with its black back and bright yellow underparts. Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher has an extremely limited range in southeastern Peru, where it occupies dense, low, shrubby areas along edges of humid, lowland and foothill forest. Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher usually forages in pairs for insects in the understory. No information is available on its breeding biology and is an area wide open for future research. Despite its extremely limited range, the population of Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher is believed to be stable and consequently this species is not considered to be at risk.