Restricted to northeast Colombia and adjacent western Venezuela, where it is known solely from the Perijá Mountains, the Black-fronted Wood-Quail is an extremely little-known species in life. Of the three described subspecies, just one has apparently been recorded recently. The species’ plumage is mainly gray-brown, delicately marked with black and white over the wings and breast, but the throat and face are black, and there is a dark rufous and short bushy crest. There is no known altitudinal overlap with any other Odontophorus species making identification straightforward. The Black-fronted Wood-Quail is confined to montane tropical forest at elevations between 1200 and 3100 m, and BirdLife International currently categorizes the species’ conservation status as Vulnerable, based on its small range and presumably declining population.