Apparently closely related to the Rufous-fronted Wood-Quail (Odontophorus erythrops) of western Colombia and Ecuador, the Black-eared Wood-Quail, which is sometimes treated as conspecific with the last-named species, occurs over the Caribbean slope of Central America, from Honduras to eastern Panama. It is expected to also occur in immediately adjacent northwest Colombia. The Black-eared Wood-Quail favors tropical and subtropical forests from sea level to approximately 1600 m. The unspotted chestnut crown and blackish throat and face are the most distinctive features for identification. Its ecology is still little known. Although the species apparently tolerates dense second growth, forest destruction is reported to have reduced this wood-quail’s numbers over much of its range.