This now rare bird is a relatively small, mostly brown cracid, characterized by its mostly dark plumage, with the exception of the silvered crown and neck feathers, and the rufous terminal tail-band to tail. The bird’s legs and dewlap are red. Listed as Vulnerable under IUCN criteria, the Bearded Guan is endemic to southern Ecuador and adjacent northwest Peru. The species occurs in humid montane at 1200–3000 m, and is usually seen in pairs, or in small groups of up to six. Its breeding ecology is poorly known, but the birds are known to feed on a reasonably wide variety of plant species. The main threat to the species is that of ongoing habitat destruction and fragmentation, the result of clearance for agriculture and mining.