The Baudo Guan is the only cracid restricted to the Choco biogeographic region of western Colombia and northwestern Ecuador. It mainly occurs in humid forest in the upper tropical zone up to 1500 m, but is also known from the lowlands in western Colombia. Little is known of its habits, movements or breeding but the Baudo Guan presumably is similar to most other Penelope guans, being basically sendentary and foraging for fruits in the upper strata of humid forest in small groups. It has occasionally been considered a subspecies of Andean Guan, but the two species appear to overlap in western Colombia and southwest Ecuador with no apparent integradation. The Baudo Guan is the only Penelope guan with no pale markings on the head.