The Band-tailed Antshrike is a poorly known resident of Suriname, French Guiana and northeastern Brazil. The male Band-tailed Antshrike is entirely black except for white scapular patches, white wing-covert spots and, as the name suggests, a large white band on its tail. Females on the other hand are entirely colored a bright deep rufous except for a black patch across its forehead, throat, face and breast. The Band-tailed Antshrike is found singly or in pairs in the understorey and mid-level of evergreen forest. This species is generally found within stands of lianas and other dense growth associated with disturbed areas. These birds forage by taking short hops, pausing occasionally to scan for prey and then gleaning prey directly from branches or leaves.