The sole Middle American representative of the genus Cephalopterus, the Bare-necked Umbrellabird is threatened by forest loss within its limited range in the forests of Costa Rica and western Panama. There are also recent records from southernmost Nicaragua. The male is unmistakable, with a ‘Mohican’-style crest that covers the head and bill, and the bare throat and neck are scarlet-coloured, and adorned with tassel. The female Bare-necked Umbrellabird has a smaller crest than the male and lacks the bare skin on the throat, and to a certain degree resembles the all-black female Purple-throated Fruitcrow (Querula purpurata). Although the Bare-necked Umbrellabird’s natural history has been reasonably well studied, only one nest has ever been found.