The male Banded Cotinga is a stunning cobalt-blue with a dark, yet brilliant, purple belly and throat. It has a very restricted range and is only found in the canopy of humid forests in a very small area of southeastern Brazil. Strongly sexually-dimorphic, the female Banded Cotinga is actually dark brown and lacks the male's stunning blue and purple plumage. This species is exceptionally rare, lives only in dense forests. Very little is known about the Banded Cotinga's foraging ecology and breeding biology. This species total population is believed to be less than 1,000 individuals and declining. The Banded Cotinga is listed as endangered on the IUCN Watchlist.