Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Icteridae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Amanda C. Larson

The Baltimore oriole is most often associated with its North American breeding grounds; however this migrant bird spends most of the year (October through May) in the Neotropics. It has a characteristic orange, black and white plumage coloration that is easily distinguished from similarly colored species such as the Troupial and Bullock’s oriole. (Restall et al 2006) The Baltimore oriole feeds mainly on insects but supplements its diet with nectar, guarding its source if necessary. (Timken1970) Mating pairs are formed quickly each year with the same partner, and with little aggression. (Butcher 1990) Snakes, squirrels, and cowbirds provide the greatest threat to eggs. (Marr 1985 and Sealy & Neudorf 1995) The loss of shade trees in traditional coffee plantations led to a population decline of the Baltimore oriole in Mesoamerica. (Perfecto et al 1996)

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© Matthew D. Medler

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Larson, A. C. Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: