Black-and-gold Tanager Bangsia melanochlamys




The species has been observed to hop heavily and quickly along branches when foraging for fruit, and to pluck the fruit and use their bill to crush it (Stiles 1998). They can also sit lethargic and inactive for long periods (Pearman 1993).


In April of 1993, along a mule trail at Alto de Pisones six individuals males were observed singing from the tops of trees between 1400-1650 m elevation (Stiles 1998).

The Black-and-gold Tanager is apparently allopatric via elevational tiering with the congeneric Gold-ringed Tanager (Bangsia aureocincta), with the Black-and-gold Tanager at lower elevations (Stiles 1998, Ramirez Mosquera 2017). This is perhaps especially true in the breeding season, with Black-and-gold Tanagers below about 1600-1650 m and Gold-ringed Tanagers above 1750 m (Stiles 1998).

Sexual Behavior

No information available.

Social and interspecific behavior

In the breeding season, Black-and-gold Tanager are most often observed alone, in pairs, or in small family groups, with at most a third of observed individuals in mixed flocks with other tanagers (Stiles 1998, Cuervo et al. 2008a). They have been observed in mixed-species flocks with Tangara sp., Anisognathus sp., the Dusky Chlorospingus (Chlorospingus semifuscus), and the Glistening-green Tanager (Chlorochrysa phoenicotis) where they primarily foraged for insects (Stiles 1998). Another described flocks included Red-headed Barbet (Eubucco bourcierii), Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner (Anabacerthia variegaticeps), Ochre-breasted Tanager (Chlorothraupis stolzmanni), and the Yellow-throated Chlorospingus (Chlorospingus flavigularis); during this association the Black-and-gold Tanager foraging on red berries (Pearman 1993). Another mixed species flock which included the Rufous-throated Tanager (Ixothraupis rufigula) was accompanied by Black-and-gold Tanagers (Olaciregui et al. 2016). The Purplish-mantled Tanager (Iridosornis porphyrocephalus) and Beryl-spangled Tanager (Tangara nigroviridis) have also been observed in mixed flocks with Black-and-gold Tanagers (Sedano 2014).


It has been observed that the Black-and-gold Tanager will make a sound to announce the arrival of a predator. Stiles (1998) observed a Black-and-gold tanager and described the noise it made as a sharp “tsip” note. The bird was hopping and calling excitedly from the top of a tree. It dived to take cover as a Accipiter arrived at the same perch (Stiles 1998).

Recommended Citation

Black-and-gold Tanager (Bangsia melanochlamys), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: