The Black-and-gold Cotinga is a unique cotinga with, in the male, overall black plumage contrasting with striking yellow patches on the remiges. The female is bright green overall with an orange bill. This species is restricted to montane forest in a small area centered in Rio de Janeiro in southeastern Brazil. Here it feeds on fruit and the occasional insect. Its distinctive song is a clear whistle that starts level, then rises in one or two steps toward the end. Males Black-and-gold Cotingas sing from the canopy, sometimes in small assemblages. Some movements to lower elevations may occur during the non-breeding season.