Andean Swallow Orochelidon andecola

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Hirundinidae
  • Polytypic: 2 subspecies
  • Authors: Elsie Shogren


  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding
Distribution of the Andean Swallow
eBird range map for Andean Swallow

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

The Andean Swallow is found in the high Andes, from central Peru south to northwestern Argentina. The northernmost limit is in the southern part of the department of Ancash, Peru (Schulenberg et al. 2007). In Chile it is restricted to the altiplano to Tarapacá (Jaramillo 2003).

Distribution in Peru of Andean Swallow: Solid circles: specimen records; open circles: sight records; dotted line: 1000 m contour (Schulenberg et al. 2006)

The typical elevational range of the Andean Swallow is from about 3100-4600 m; it may descend lower when not breeding, as suggested by the occasional records in July down to 2500 m in Arequipa (Fjeldså and Krabbe 1990).

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to the Americas.


Andean Swallows are found in open habitats of the altiplano, such as puna grasslands, desert puna, and tola heaths; they also occur around towns and buildings (Ridgely and Tudor 1989, Fjeldså and Krabbe 1990, Schulenberg et al. 2007) . Andean Swallows often forage over water (Fjeldså and Krabbe 1990, Jaramillo 2003).

Historical changes

None reported.

Fossil history

None reported.

Recommended Citation

Shogren, E. (2010). Andean Swallow (Orochelidon andecola), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.