To better address conservation and management of the species, a more accurate assessment of the global population and its distribution must be made. One of the issues that none of the literature addresses and should be resolved is the extent of the gap in the distribution of the Emerald Tanager in the northwestern portions of Choco, Colombia. The issue of whether or not the subspecies of Tangara florida florida and Tangara florida auriceps are valid should be addressed with mtDNA test or other fine resolution genetic testing. In addition, the definitions of distinct population units and the rate of genetic exchange among all populations could help focus conservation efforts. While conservation efforts are well developed in most of the areas the Emerald Tanager is found, population sizes and trends remain to be documented. Other details that still remain to be studied include physiological characters such as metabolism, age of sexual maturity, life span, clutch size and associated characters. This information is required to better understand the life history of this species. Behavioral characters such as courtship displays, season elevational migrations, and vocalizations would further enhance not only conservation efforts but understanding of the biology of this member of the most speciose genus of Neotropical birds.