Elfin-woods Warbler Setophaga angelae

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Parulidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Delannoy-JuliĆ”, Carlos Alberto


Anadón-Irizarry, V. 2006. Distribution, habitat occupancy, and population density of the Elfin-woods Warbler (Dendroica angelae) in Puerto Rico. MS Thesis. University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez Campus. 53 pp.

Arroyo-Vázquez, B. 1992. Observations of the breeding biology of the Elfin Woods Warbler. Wilson Bulletin 104:362-365.

BirdLife International. 2009. Species factsheet: Dendroica angelae. Downloaded from on 2/9/2009.

Cruz, A. and C. A. Delannoy. 1984a. Ecology of the Elfin-woods Warbler (Dendroica angelae). I. Distribution, habitat usage and population densities. Caribbean Journal of Science 20: 89-96.

Cruz, A. and C. A. Delannoy. 1984b. Ecology of the Elfin-woods Warbler (Dendroica angelae). II. Feeding ecology of the Elfin-woods Warbler and associated insectivorous birds in Puerto Rico. Caribbean Journal of Science 20: 153-162.

Curson, J., D. Quinn, and D. Beadle. 1994. Warblers of the Americas. Houghton Mifflin Co., New York, New York.

Delannoy, C. A. 1997. Status of the the Broad-winged Hawk and Sharp-shinned Hawk in Puerto Rico. Caribbean Journal of Science 33: 21-33.

Delannoy, C. A. 2007. Distribution, abundance and description of habitats of the Elfin-woods Warbler, Dendroica angelae, in southwestern Puerto Rico. Final Report. Submitted to the United States Fish and Wildlife Service under grant agreement No. 401814G078 for the period of performance from August 1, 2004 through December 30, 2006.

Delannoy,C. A., and A. Cruz. 1999. Patterns of prey abundance and use by male and female Puerto Rican Sharp-shinned Hawks. Caribbean Journal of Science 35: 38-46.

Gochfeld, M., D. O. Hill, and G. Tudor. 1973. A second population of the recently described Elfin-woods Warbler and other bird records from the West Indies. Caribbean Journal of Science 13: 231-235.

González, G. M. 2008. Distribución y abundancia de la Reinita de Bosque Enano (Dendroica angelae) en el Bosque de Maricao y áreas adyacentes. Tesis de Maestría, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto Universitario de Mayagüez. 81 pp.

Kepler, C. 2009. Hidden in the clouds: the discovery of the Elfin Woods Warbler. Winging It 21 (5): 1, 4-5.

Kepler, C. B. and K. C. Parkes. 1972. A new species of warbler (Parulidae) from Puerto Rico. Auk 89: 1-18.

Miranda-Castro, L., A. R. Puente-Rolón, and S. Vega-Castillo. 2000. First list of the vertebrates of Los Tres Picachos State Forest, Puerto Rico, with data on relative abundance and altitudinal distribution. Caribbean Journal of Science 36: 117-126.

Oberle, M. W. 2006. Puerto Rico's birds in photographs. Second edition. Editorial Humanitas, Seattle. Washington.

Pérez-Rivera, R. A. 1979. Lista revisada de los animales vulnerables, amenazados, o en peligro de extinción en Puerto Rico. Cuadernos de Revista de Cayey Número 3, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Cayey, Puerto Rico.

Pérez-Rivera, R. A. , and L. A. Maldonado. 1977. Lista de cotejo de las aves de Cayey y algunos comentarios sobre éstas. Revista Cayey 9 (19): 129-136.

Pérez-Rivera, R. A. and M. A. Laboy-Rivera. 1996. Aspectos de la conducta de un individuo de Alsophis portoricensis y pichones y adultos de reinita (Coereba flaveola) durante un episodio de depredación. Caribbean Journal of Science 32: 432-433.

Raffaele, H., J. Wiley, O. Garrido, A. Keith, and J. Raffaele. 1998. A guide to the birds of the West Indies. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.

Reagan, D. P. and R. B. Waide. 1996. The food web of a tropical rain forest. University of Chicago Press. Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Rodríguez-Mojica, R. 2004. First report of cavity-nesting in Elfin-woods Warbler Dendroica angelae at Maricao State Forest, Puerto Rico. Cotinga 22: 21-23.

Rodríguez-Robles, J. A. 2005. Compendio de Especie, la Culebra Común (Alsophis portoricensis). Pages 169-180 in: Joglar, R. L. (editor). Biodiversidad de Puerto Rico, Vertebrados Terrestres y Ecosistemas, Serie de Historia Natural. Editorial del Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Silander, S., H. G. de Rubio, M. Miranda and M. Vázquez. 1986. Los bosques de Puerto Rico, Vol. X, Tomo II. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Department of Natural Resources, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Vilella, F. J. 2007. Ecogeography of the Red-tailed Hawk in Puerto Rico. Pages 122-133 in Bildstein, K. L., D. R. Barber, and A. Zimmerman (editors). Neotropical Raptors. Raptor Conservation Science Series Number 1. Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, Orwigsburg, Pennsylvania, USA.

Waide, R. B. 1995. Status and conservation of the Elfin-woods Warbler (Dendroica angelae) in the Luquillo Experimental Forest. Final report submitted to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Caribbean Field Office, Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico.

Wiley, J. W. and G. P. Bauer. 1985. Caribbean National Forest, Puerto Rico. American Birds 39: 12-18.

Willis, E. O. 1973. Local distribution of mixed flocks in Puerto Rico. Wilson Bulletin 85: 75-77.

Recommended Citation

Delannoy-JuliĆ”, Carlos Alberto.(2009).Elfin-woods Warbler (Setophaga angelae), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: