Notice for readers: On March 31, Neotropical Birds will be integrated into the new Birds of the World, a powerful research database offering species accounts for every species on earth. Learn more at birdsoftheworld.org. While Birds of the World is a subscription service, we remain committed to offering this content to Neotropical Birds contributors and to those unable to pay for it through our scholarship program. Stay tuned.

Orange-backed Troupial Icterus croconotus

Sections
  • © Juan José Arango

All of the different troupial populations were formerly regarded as representing a single species, but nowadays three different species are recognized, of which the Orange-backed Troupial is the most widespread and the southern and western representative. It is found over much of the lowlands of northern and western Amazonia, and south to Paraguay and northeastern Argentina, and the species is generally found in close proximity to water. Compared to both of the other species of troupial, the adult Orange-backed Troupial differs chiefly in lacking a complete black hood, and a much more extensive orange-colored mantle. It also has significantly less white in the wings than in the Venezuelan Troupial (Icterus icterus). Recent observations in the state of Tocantins, in north-central Brazil, have found some local contact between the present species and the Campo Troupial (Icterus jamacaii), which is endemic to northeast Brazil.

Help complete this species

There are many ways to contribute—we need species information, photographs, audio, video, translations, maps, distribution data, and bird sightings. There's a role for everyone!

Learn more

Song

© Matthew D. Medler

Enlarge
  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Orange-backed Troupial (Icterus croconotus), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/orbtro3