The unique member of the genus Oreothraupis is a handsome, bulky-bodied, ground-dwelling, finch-like bird with a boldly black-and-white-striped head. The body is ferruginous-colored becoming gray over the belly, with a blackish tail. The Tanager Finch is currently categorized as Vulnerable by BirdLife International and it has a patchy distribution on the Pacific slope of the West Andes in Colombia and northwest Ecuador. Munchique National Park, in Colombia, is suspected to be species’ global stronghold. Elsewhere, this dramatic bird’s apparent rarity may in part result from the inaccessibility of its very wet, often steep-sloped environment, and the fact that its thin calls are easily overlooked.