Sometimes treated as a subspecies of the Rusty Tinamou (Crypturellus brevirostris), the Bartlett’s Tinamou was named for Abraham Bartlett, a taxidermist at the Zoological Society of London’s gardens for much of the second half of the 19th century. Bartlett’s Tinamou is highly variable in plumage, with much variation from dull brown to bright tawny-colored individuals within any given region. This species is confined to southeast Amazonia, where it ranges through eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and western Brazil. It inhabits dense tropical forest, principally seasonally flooded areas, and shrubby thickets, and is found to c.500 m. Forest clearance will doubtless have had some effect on this poorly known tinamou, which is considered rare to uncommon over most of its distributional range, except Peru, where the species is fairly common. Virtually nothing has been published concerning its life history.