A locally common resident of Hispaniola, this is the only member of the genus Xenoligea. Very little is known about this bird, which is restricted to humid montane broadleaf and wet karst limestone forests. The nest of the species was discovered only as recently as 2004. This species apparently belongs to small endemic radiation of Hispaniolan birds, and is readily identified by its olive upperparts and white wing patch. It also is known as Ciguíta or Tangara Aliblanca in the Dominican Republic and as Petit Quatre-yeux, Ti Tchit Kat Je, and Tangara des Montagnes in Haiti.
Xenoligea is listed as Vulnerable by BirdLife International because of its restricted range and likely decreasing populations due to habitat loss. Some populations in both Haiti and the Dominican Republic are believed to be extirpated and others to be greatly reduced in number because of deforestation. Invasive introduced mammals also may pose a conservation threat to this species.