The three species of Granatellus chats were long placed with the Parulidae (New World warblers) but are currently considered to be Cardinalidae (cardinals). Whatever their correct position in the avian ‘tree’, all three are highly attractive birds, and the Rose-breasted Chat, which is the Amazonian (and sole South American) representative of this superspecies, is no exception. It generally ranges over northern, southern, and eastern Amazonia, but is generally uncommon, and the species is completely absent from the westernmost portion of the basin. Males are generally dark gray above, with a white postocular streak, and red-and-white underparts, whilst females are also gray on the upperparts, but generally buffy over the head and underparts. They inhabit lowland forest, including edges, and sometimes join mixed-species flocks containing other insectivores. Although usually found at higher levels in the forest strata, the Rose-breasted Chat occasionally visits the understory. No information concerning the species’ breeding biology is available as yet.