Four subspecies of the Rufous-brown Solitaire are currently recognized, and evidence from plumage and some vocal variation, combined of course with their highly disjunct ranges, suggests that more than one species might be involved. Overall, this is a rather bland, featureless, brown bird, relieved by a pale yellow eye-ring and varying amounts of rufous on the throat. Unlike some solitaires, which sing almost day-long, this species seems to mainly vocalize early in the morning, and to be strongly seasonal in this respect. At other times, the Rufous-brown Solitaire is generally quiet and easily overlooked, as it forages in the undergrowth for fruit and insects. Populations are found in southeast Venezuela and the northern Guianas, the Atlantic Forest of eastern Brazil, east-central Peru, and southwest Colombia to northwest Ecuador, but the Rufous-brown Solitaire seems rarely to be anything other than locally fairly common, and is usually rare in most areas of its range. It has been listed as Near Threatened in the past.