The Cuban Vireo is endemic to and widespread over Cuba, where it is represented by as many as four subspecies, two of which are entirely restricted to offshore islands of the archipelago and some of them only rather marginally differentiated. This species is probably the most commonly encountered Vireo on Cuba, with the possible exception of Black-whiskered Vireo (Vireo altiloquus), which is a summer visitor to the country, rather than a permanent resident. These two species are easily separated by vocalisations and plumage, with Cuban Vireo having a large-eyed appearance, no eyestripe, but possessing one or two faint wingbars, as well as creamy lores and a postocular crescent. The Cuban Vireo prefers forested areas, but can also be found in bushy thickets, and is mainly confined to lower elevations. Like other vireos, the nest is cup-shaped, and the breeding season commences in March and continues to August. The species usually lays three eggs.