The Red-ruffed Fruitcrow is a large cotinga with a patchy distribution in South America. Powerful in structure and black overall, it vaguely resembles a crow, aside from the brilliant red throat. It feeds on fruit and large arthropods captured during sallies or while perched. The rarely-seen lek display involves small groups of males that bob forward while emitting deep, booming calls and fluffing their throat feathers, then straighten up while flaring the throat feathers. The Red-ruffed Fruitcrow inhabits forest, particularly in foothills and mountains, but occurs in the lowlands in eastern Venezuela and adjacent Guyana. Like many frugivores it may move locally, but these movements are poorly documented or understood.