The Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant is the most widespread bush-tyrant of Andean South America. Found along the Andes from 2000 to 3500 meters in elevation, this large flycatcher inhabits open areas from Venezuela south to northern Argentina. It has a stout black bill, and is brown above and cinnamon below with a white throat and face marked by brown streaks; the underwings and tail are cinnamon with contrasting black tips. Though it has a large population throughout its large range, Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant is typically found singly or in pairs, and at rather low density. Though visually conspicuous in its habitat, the species can be detected by its call, a loud, rising whistle.