The Crested Gallito is a handsome and rather uncharacteristic tapaculo, ironically it is the species that gave the scientific name to the family. The name itself, Rhinocrypta, means “hidden nose” as the nostrils are hidden by a bill plate, the adaptive significance of this feature is unknown. The Crested Gallito has a rather expressive crest that is often pointed up and forward of the crown in a characteristic angle unlike other crested species, although it can by lowered to the rear of the crown as well; highlighting the crest is its pattern of rufous with white streaks. The Crested Gallito is sandy brown above, grayish on the face and neck and has vivid and contrasting rufous flanks. Also characteristic is the long tail that is often cocked, and the broad and long uppertail coverts that drape over the base of the tail. This is a highly terrestrial bird when foraging and it has thick and strong legs. While singing it sits higher up on a bush, often right at the top, being relatively easy to see for a tapaculo. It is found in Monte and Chaco habitats of central Argentina, reaching north into westernmost Paraguay, and easternmost Bolivia.