Rusty-tinged Antpitta replaces White-bellied Antpitta (Grallaria hypoleuca) south of the Río Marañón in northern Peru. This is a range-restricted species, endemic to Peru, where its range spans the eastern Andes in just three departments. It is replaced farther south by Bay Antpitta (Grallaria capitalis). Rusty-tinged Antpitta forms a superspecies, along with these last two-named species and with Yellow-breasted Antpitta (Grallaria flavotincta) of Colombia and northwestern Ecuador. Rusty-tinged Antpitta inhabits humid montane forest at 1700 to 2750 m, and like other members of the genus is more often heard than seen; virtually nothing is known of the natural history of this species. The song is an easily imitated series of three notes, of which the middle note is usually lowest and the ultimate is the highest and loudest. Although Rusty-tinged Antpitta was not considered to be globally threatened until recently, it is restricted to a single Endemic Bird Area faces severe habitat alteration in the near future and so it currently is listed as Vulnerable to extinction.