The aptly named Elusive Antpitta is rare and local in terra firme and transitional forest south of the Amazon River in southeastern Peru and adjacent western Brazil. Elusive Antpitta is very closely related to Ochre-striped Antpitta (Grallaria dignissima) of northeastern Peru, southeastern Colombia, and eastern Ecuador. Its plumage is characterized by heavy black streaking on the underparts, and lacks the rich tawny rufous throat and breast of Ochre-striped Antpitta. As with Ochre-striped, Elusive Antpitta t is thought to favor dense thickets near streams and ravines. The song of Elusive Antpitta is very similar to that of Ochre-striped, a hollow two-note hoo-oooooo, but instead of down-slurred at the end, the second note of the song of Elusive rises slightly, and is somewhat more "raspy". There is nothing is known about the natural history of Elusive Antpitta, as it is known from only a handful of isolated locations, and is infrequently detected (much less seen!).