One of the most beautiful of the east Brazilian Thamnophilidae, the male White-bibbed Antbird is a stunning bird if seen well, which is not easy to do without playback of its rattled contact call, or the slightly scratchy- and hurried-sounding loudsong. The face is black, with a long clean white supercilium and bright white throat, black breast markings, pale-spotted wing coverts, and otherwise brown upperparts and crown. Females echo the males’ pattern, but the throat is washed yellowish or buffy, and there is no black scalloping below. The obviously pale legs and feet, which are shared with other Atlantic Forest Myrmeciza, are often extremely noticeable. Usually found very close to ground level, the White-bibbed Antbird inhabits humid montane forest, usually with a reasonably dense understory, above 700 m. Pairs generally maintain close contact, as do family groups, searching for prey on or close to the ground, often in the leaf litter. The species remains reasonably common, especially in protected areas, and occurs from central Bahia south to Rio de Janeiro, i.e. to the north of, and generally at higher altitudes, than the formerly conspecific Squamate Antbird (Myrmeciza squamosa).