The Canebrake Groundcreeper is a large Furnariid found in dense undergrowth including, but not limited to, bamboo thickets. It is dark rufous-brown above and pale below, with a whitish supercilium and dark scaling on the sides of its otherwise white throat. This species typically associates in pairs, whose presence is often revealed by low, chattering calls. Very little is known about its feeding or breeding behavior. It is restricted to a small area of the Atlantic forest of southeastern Brazil.