Black-throated Spinetail Synallaxis castanea

  • © Trevor Ellery

The Black-throated Spinetail is endemic to the north coastal ranges of Venezuela, where it is confined to montane evergreen forest, second growth, and edges, from the state of Aragua east to Miranda. The species is found at elevations between 1300 to 2200 m. Despite that this spinetail can be found in relatively close proximity to the country’s capital, it is a surprisingly poorly known bird that is most usually located by its reasonably distinctive song, a rapid ke-che-che-che-che-che. Once seen, there is no mistaking this almost entirely uniform cinnamon-rufous spinetail, although the black throat patch, which offers the sole plumage contrast, is not large. The Black-throated Spinetail is considered to form a superspecies with the Rufous Spinetail (Synallaxis unirufa) and the Rusty-headed Spinetail (Synallaxis fuscorufa).

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© Paul A. Schwartz

  • Year-round
  • Migration
  • Breeding
  • Non-Breeding

Recommended Citation

Black-throated Spinetail (Synallaxis castanea), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: