White-bellied Cinclodes, a Peruvian endemic, is a large furnariid with a pale brownish gray head and face, dark ear coverts, rufous upperparts, a broad, white wingbar, and very clean white underparts. White-bellied Cinclodes inhabits boggy terrain from 4400 to 5000 m, and it appears to be strictly dependent on cushion-plant bogs with rocky outcrops and stony slopes. Such habitat was previously subject to relatively little human disturbance, but peat cutting, overgrazing, mining, and water extraction for agriculture have all become serious threats in recent years. The species is restricted to the high Andes east of the country’s capital Lima, and was thought to number but a few hundred individuals two decades ago. Consequently, BirdLife International has recently upgraded the conservation status of White-bellied Cinclodes to the most serious category, Critically Endangered.