A member of the taxonomically confusing Chlorostilbon genus, the Garden Emerald is now often recognized as its own species. In comparison with its northern neighbor—the Canivet’s Emerald (Chlorostilbon canivetti)—the Garden Emerald has a less deeply forked tail, males have all black bills, and the crowns of both sexes are less colorful. These emeralds live around savanna scrub, second growth, borders of disturbed forests, gardens, and cultivated areas. They frequently gather nectar from short tubular flowers that are more commonly visited by insects, and when foraging, they wag their tails up and down. Males often perch at low levels along the forest edge where they sing steadily. During hostile interactions with other hummingbirds, males make short dives and vocalize with a dry sputter.