Ranked as Vulnerable by BirdLife International, the Yellow-shouldered Parrot is mainly green, but has a white forehead and lores, white orbital ring, a yellow crown, chin, and ear coverts, a bluish tinge on the lower cheeks, yellow shoulders and thighs, and a red speculum. In mainland South America this parrot is confined to disjunct areas of north-coastal Venezuela. However, it is also present on the Dutch-owned island of Bonaire, and formerly on Aruba, as well as on the Venezuelan islands of Margarita and La Blanquilla. It inhabits xerophytic vegetation, especially desert areas dominated by cacti and low thorny trees. Its numbers have been severely reduced by the illegal pet trade, both on the islands and the mainland, while the development of tourist facilities and mining activities have destroyed the species’ habitat, and in some areas, it is hunted for allegedly damaging crops.