The globally threatened Sun Parakeet is a stunning golden-orange bird with an orange-red face and belly, while the wings and tail represent a mix of yellow, green, and blue tones. Two populations are known. One, in the north, is now restricted to west-central Guyana, extreme southeast Venezuela, and Roraima, Brazil; however, the Sun Parakeet has been extirpated over much of this range, presumably by trappers, and it is now very scarce or absent in many former areas of occurrence. Its stronghold in this region appears to be in a relatively small area of Guyana, where local conservationists are working to protect the species. Further south, an apparently separate population is best known from Brazil, in the savannas on the north bank of the Amazon, in northern Pará, and in westernmost Amapá, where it was only recently discovered. Birds in southern Suriname also belong to this population, and there are also reports from southern French Guiana, although there is speculation that reports in the latter country pertain to escapees from captivity. The southern population differs slightly in plumage, and was described as a separate species, the Sulfur-breasted Parakeet (Aratinga maculata), but this proposal has yet to accrue widespread support.