The White-fronted Quail-Dove is principally an inhabitant of dense, moist highland forests to almost 1700 m, but also occurs in drier forest at lower altitudes, down to at least 745 m. It feeds on seeds and small invertebrates. Like other Geotrygon species, this quail-dove is usually seen crossing a forest trail, or by waiting quietly near a drinking place. It sings from above the ground, on a branch, but can be very hard spot in such situations. Only one nest has ever been found, but the species is speculated to breed from January until August. Compared to other quail-doves found on the island of Hispaniola, this species is easily identified by its gleaming white forehead, lack of obvious facial stripes or brown tones in the plumage, and its distinctively purplish-colored back. Recently split from the strict Cuban endemic, the Gray-fronted Quail-Dove (Geotrygon caniceps), this Hispaniolan endemic is undoubtedly scarce and almost certainly declining as a result of ongoing habitat destruction, especially in the border region between the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Any hypothetical population in the latter country is probably already extirpated, and it is also suspected to have been lost from the Sierra de Neiba in the Dominican Republic. Hunting pressure might also be an issue, at least locally. Because BirdLife International does not accept the two-way species split, the Dominican Republic population has not been separately analyzed as regards its threat status.