Distributed from Costa Rica through Panama to northwest Ecuador, the Olive-backed Quail-Dove is a small Geotrygon species with a striking face pattern, marked by a white throat and broad cheek stripe, and black malar stripe. Furthermore, the flanks are distinctively suffused with reddish buff. It is found in the lowlands and foothills, with the species preferring dense understory in especially wet regions. The Olive-backed Quail-Dove feeds on seeds, small fruits and small invertebrates, and like other quail-doves is usually encountered alone or in pairs, sometimes flushing short distances if disturbed, but usually preferring to walk or run when fleeing from danger. Although undoubtedly at risk due to ongoing deforestation in many parts of the species’ range, the Olive-backed Quail-Dove is not currently considered globally threatened.