Turquoise Jay Cyanolyca turcosa

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Corvidae
  • Monotypic
  • Authors: Sarah A. McLean


Distribution of the Turquoise Jay
eBird range map for Turquoise Jay

Generated from eBird observations (Year-Round, 1900-present)

Distribution in the Americas

The Turquoise Jay occurs in the Andes from southern Colombia south to northwestern Peru. In Colombia it is known from both slopes of the Andes of Nariño, and possibly occurs north to Parque Nacional Puracé in Cauca (Hilty and Brown 1986). It also occurs on both slopes of the Andes in Ecuador, where there are a few remnant populations found on the slopes above the central valley (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a). In Peru it is found on both slopes of the western Andes in Piura and Cajamarca, north and west of the Río Marañón.

The elevational range of the Turquoise Jay in Colombia is at least 2600-3000 m (but "prob[ably] lower and higher"; Hilty and Brown 1986); in Ecuador it is "most numerous from 2000 to 3000 m" but occasionally occurs up to 35oo m (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a); and in Peru it has been reported at 2400-3000 m (Schulenberg et al. 2007). Fjeldså and Krabbe (1990) give the elevational distribution, across the entire range of the species, as 1850-3200 m.

Distribution outside the Americas

Endemic to South America.


Tandayapa, Pichincha, Ecuador; 9 November 2008 © Scott OlmsteadHumid forest borders of both primary- and secondary-growth. Found in tall montane evergreen forests, but also in much shorter elfin forests dominated by dense, tangled tree and shrubs (Parker et al. 1996).

Fairly tolerant of degraded forest areas (Hilty and Brown 1986), and forest edge and clearings, where it favors stands of alders (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001a).

Historical changes

No information.

Fossil history

No information.

Recommended Citation

McLean, S. A. (2010). Turquoise Jay (Cyanolyca turcosa), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA.