As an uncommon to rare large forest raptor with low productivity (at most one young every two years) and a dependence on extensive tracts of forest, this species is certainly vulnerable. Declines and local extirpations have been noted in many areas and continued trends of development and forest clearing ensure that the global population will continue to decline. In addition, shooting of raptors still occurs in Latin America (e.g., Iñigo-Elias et al. 1987) and is a serious threat to forest raptors with small populations.
However, given the species' very large range and estimated population of 10,000 to 100,000, it is considered to be of Least Concern (Birdlife International 2010); although declines are cited, they are not believed to be steep enough to approach the thresholds for "Vulnerable". In Mexico, however, it is considered "en peligro de extinción" (in danger of extinction) (NOM-059-ECOL-2001).