Yellow-bellied Tanager is a brightly colored, green Neotropical bird with a wide distribution in northern South America, from Venezuela and Guyana south to Bolivia. This species occurs in tropical lowland evergreen forests, older second growth, shrubby forests borders and montane evergreen forests. Their diet consists mainly of insects and a variety of fruits. When foraging, Yellow-bellied Tanagers often associate with mixed species flocks, primarily composed of other species of tanager. Little is known about their populations, demography and the effects that humans have on the species. Although they are categorized by some authors as highly sensitive to habitat disturbance, they are categorized by the IUCN Red List as a species of Least Concern, in view of its wide geographic range. The size of the population is unknown, but the overall population trend for Yellow-bellied Tanager is assumed to be one of decline, due to ongoing habitat destruction.