The Ihering’s Antwren was named by Emilie Snethlage for Hermann von Ihering, an ornithologist who was born and died Germany, but who spent most of his working life in southern Brazil. This antwren’s closest relationships are considered unknown; on purely morphological grounds, males appear typically gray, black, and white, like many other Myrmotherula, but females are unusual in being male-like, having gray upperparts, white wing spots, and pale buff underparts. It inhabits the mid and lower stories of lowland evergreen forest, where it is found in both terra firme and transitional areas, and in parts of the species’ range the Ihering’s Antwren seems to be closely tied to bamboo. It frequently joins mixed-species flocks, as singles, pairs or family groups. Like many of the Amazonian Myrmotherula species, little is known concerning the species’ breeding biology.