The Bay Antpitta has a restricted geographic range, but the distribution is not tiny and the population trend is believed to be stable. Consequently the IUCN Red List conservation status of Bay Antpitta is assessed as Least Concern (BirdLife International 2012).
The relative abundance of Bay Antpitta is rated as "fairly common" (Fjeldså and Krabbe 1990, Schulenberg et al. 2007).
Effects of human activity on populations
Human activity has little short-term direct effect on the Bay Antpitta, other than the local effects of habitat destruction. Given that this species occupies regenerating habitats, it may even benefit, locally and in the short term, from human activities, such as a low level of clearing for subsistence agriculture. In the longer term, habitat destruction could pose a significant threat to this species, in view of its small geographic range.