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Tangara florida

Emerald Tanager

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Polytypic 2 Subspecies

Authors: Austin, Bertrand Clark, and Kevin J. Burns

References

BirdLife International. 2011. Species factsheet: Tangara florida. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/04/2011.

Burns, K. J., and K. Naoki. 2004. Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of neotropical tanagers in the genus Tangara. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32:838-854.

Carriker, M. A., Jr.  1910.  An annotated list of the birds of Costa Rica, including Cocos Island.  Annals of the Carnegie Museum 6: 314-915. 

Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2010. The Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.5. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/Clements%206.5.xls/view.

Haverschmidt, F. 1976. The common snipe in Surinam. The Auk. 93:379-381.

Hellmayr, C. E. 1936. Catalogue of birds of the Americas. Part IX. Field Museum of Natural History Zoological Series volume 13, part 9

Hilty, S. L. 1974. Notes on birds at swarms of army ants in the highlands of Colombia. The Wilson Biulletin 68:479-481.

Hilty, S. L., and W. L. Brown. 1986. A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.

Isler, M. L., and P. R. Isler. 1987. The tanagers: natural history, distribution, and identification. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D. C.

Matheus, J. C., U. Wittmann, O. Jahn, M. Leutfeld, and K. L. Schuchmann. 1996. Reactions of birds to nestling predation by snake. Ornithologia Neotropical 7:163-164

Naoki, K. 2003. Ecolution of ecological diversity in the neotropical tanagers of the genus Tangara (Aves: Thraupidae). Unpublished dissertation. Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Restall, R. 2007. Birds of northern South America. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Ridgely, R. S., and J. A. Gwynne. 1989. A guide to the birds of Panama: with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey

Ridgely, R. S., G. Tudor, W. L. Brown, and World Wildlife Fund (U.S.). 1989. The birds of South America. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Ridgely, R. S., and P. J. Greenfield. 2001. The birds of Ecuador. Comstock Pub., Ithaca, New York.

Robbins, M. B., T. A. Parker, and S. E. Allen.  1985.  The avifauna of Cerro Pirre, Darién, eastern Panama.  Ornithological Monographs 36:198-232. 

Sedano R. E, and K. J. Burns. 2010. Are the Northern Andes a species pump for Neotropical birds? Phylogenetics and biogeography of a clade of Neotropical tanagers (Aves: Thraupini). Journal of Biogeography 37: 325-343.

Skutch, A. F. 1954, Life histories of Central American birds: families Fringillidae, Thraupidae, Icteridae, Parulidae and Coerebidae. Pacific Coast Avifauna number 31.

Skutch, A. F. 1981. New studies of tropical American birds. Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club number 19.

Skutch, A. F., and D. Gardner. 1989. Life of the tanager. Ithaca: Comstock.

Slud, P. 1964. The birds of Costa Rica. Distribution and ecology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 128. American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York.

Stiles, F. G., and A. F. Skutch. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Comstock, Ithaca, New York

Stotz, D. F., Conservation International, and Field Museum of Natural History. 1996. Neotropical birds: Ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.

Wetmore, A., R. F. Pasquier, and S. L. Olson. 1985. The birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections volume 150, part 4.

Recommended Citation

Austin, Bertrand Clark, and Kevin J. Burns. 2011. Emerald Tanager (Tangara florida), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: http://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p_spp=613516