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Oreomanes fraseri

Giant Conebill

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Thraupidae
  • Monotypic

Authors: Mason, Nicholas A. and Kevin J. Burns

Oreomanes fraseri

Cajas National Park in southern Ecuador; 9 March 2009 © Glenn Bartley

The Giant Conebill (Oreomanes fraseri) is a high-elevation Polylepis forest specialist restricted to the central and northern Andes upward of 4500 m. Identifiable by its unique scansorial foraging behavior, the Giant Conebill has a round body, sharp pointed beak, dark gray-blue back, chestnut underparts, and large white variable cheek patches. This insectivorous passerine inconspicuously probes among the various layers of Polylepis bark, and also nests within Polylepis trees, underlining the strong tie between this species and its patchily distributed habitat.

Recommended Citation

Mason, Nicholas A. and Kevin J. Burns. 2010. Giant Conebill (Oreomanes fraseri), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map provided by Robert S. Ridgely.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Polylepis woodland
  • Foraging Strata:Midstory
  • Foraging Behavior:Glean
  • Diet:Terrestrial invertebrates
  • Sociality:Single-Species Flocks
  • Mating System:Monogamy
  • Nest Form:Cup
  • Clutch: 1 - 3
  • IUCN Status:Near Threatened