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Toxostoma cinereum

Gray Thrasher

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Mimidae
  • Polytypic 2 Subspecies

Authors: Soberanes-González, C., C. Rodríguez-Flores, M. C. Arizmendi, Guy M. Kirwan, and Thomas S. Schulenberg

Toxostoma cinereum

La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico; 27 April 2015 © Claudia Jeannette Perez Estrada

Gray Thrasher is relatively common within its restricted distribution, on the Baja California Peninsula of western Mexico. This is a large, predominantly grayish brown thrasher, with a long, slightly decurved bill, and pale, blackish spotted underparts. Within its range identification should prove straightforward. As this species is not truly gray, however, some have suggested that the English name "Gray Thrasher" is misleading, and that "Baja California Thrasher" would be more appropriate. This species inhabits desert scrub, although they usually found in the most diverse, taller vegetation, and are found from sea level to as high, locally, as at least 1500 m. They feed largely on the ground, taking arthropods, cactus fruits, and perhaps other fruits too. The nest of Gray Thrasher is a platform of twigs, usually sited rather low above the ground in a cactus or thorny scrub.

Recommended Citation

Soberanes-González, C., C. Rodríguez-Flores, M. C. Arizmendi, Guy M. Kirwan, and Thomas S. Schulenberg. 2015. Gray Thrasher (Toxostoma cinereum), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Arid lowland scrub
  • Foraging Strata:Terrestrial/Understory
  • Foraging Behavior:Undescribed
  • Diet:Omnivorous
  • Sociality:Solitary/Pairs
  • Mating System:Unknown
  • Nest Form:Cup
  • Clutch: 2 - 3
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern