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Turdus plebejus

Mountain Thrush

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Turdidae
  • Polytypic 3 Subspecies

Authors: Soberanes-González, C., C. Rodríguez-Flores, M. C. Arizmendi, Guy M. Kirwan, and Thomas S. Schulenberg

Turdus plebejus

Savegre Valley, San José, Costa Rica; © Nick Athanas

Also known as the American Mountain Thrush, or Mountain Robin, the Mountain Thrush is a dull-colored Turdus in which the sexes are more or less identically plumaged. Adults are very dark olive brown virtually throughout, although the wings and tail are generally the darker than the body, with a slightly paler throat that appears vaguely streaked. The bare parts are also largely very dark. Three subspecies are generally recognized, reflecting breaks in the species’ apparent distribution, but variation between them appears rather minimal, and this species might be better treated as being monotypic. Mountain Thrush occurs in a wide variety of forest types at higher elevations, from southeastern Mexico south to western Panama.

Recommended Citation

Soberanes-González, C., C. Rodríguez-Flores, M. C. Arizmendi, Guy M. Kirwan, and Thomas S. Schulenberg. 2013. Mountain Thrush (Turdus plebejus), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Montane evergreen forest
  • Foraging Strata:---
  • Foraging Behavior:Glean
  • Diet:Omnivorous
  • Sociality:Single-Species Flocks
  • Mating System:Monogamy
  • Nest Form:Cup
  • Clutch: 2 - 3
  • IUCN Status:Least Concern