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Chiroxiphia linearis

Long-tailed Manakin

  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Pipridae
  • Monotypic

Authors: Kanaski, Alina, Clara Stuligross, Jose Pareja, and Wendy Tori

Chiroxiphia linearis

Palmares, Alajuela, Costa Rica; 7 June 2014 © Raúl Vega

The Long-tailed Manakin, the northernmost representative of the genus Chiroxiphia, is distributed across much of the Pacific slope of Middle America, from southern Mexico south to northwestern Costa Rica, and is also the most flamboyant, on account of the male’s remarkable tail. The male’s plumage is almost entirely black except for a small but obvious red crown patch, and for the blue back, which is a characteristic of the entire genus. Females in contrast are dull green birds, much like other manakins. In the past, the Long-tailed Manakin has sometimes been considered conspecific with both the Lance-tailed Manakin (Chiroxiphia lanceolata) and the Blue-backed Manakin (Chiroxiphia pareola), and these three perhaps form a superspecies. In Costa Rica, the Long-tailed Manakin’s local name is el Toledo, an onomatopoetic name derived from its distinctive song.

Recommended Citation

Kanaski, Alina, Clara Stuligross, Jose Pareja, and Wendy Tori. 2012. Long-tailed Manakin (Chiroxiphia linearis), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online:

This map is based on the maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website. The data for these maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.

  • Migration/Movement:Resident (nonmigratory)
  • Primary Habitat:Tropical deciduous forest
  • Foraging Strata:Understory/Midstory
  • Foraging Behavior:Sally
  • Diet:Fruit
  • Sociality:Solitary
  • Mating System:Polygyny
  • Nest Form:Cup
  • Clutch: 2 - 2
  • IUCN Status:Unknown