- Order: Passeriformes
- Family: Tyrannidae
Hacienda Vieja, Orotina, Alajuela, Costa Rica; 19 April 2009 © Luis Vargas Durán
The very widespread Royal Flycatcher, which as constituted here ranges from southern Mexico south across much of Middle America, as well as over large parts of northern South America, with a highly disjunct population in the Atlantic Forest of southeastern South America, is sometimes treated as four different species. Two of these populations, the so-called Pacific Royal Flycatcher (Onychorynchus occidentalis) of southwest Ecuador and northwest Peru, and the Atlantic Royal Flycatcher (Onychorynchus swainsoni) of southeast Brazil, are potentially at risk of extinction. All of these taxa are largely brown, bulky-bodied and rather long-billed flycatchers, with a rufous tail. The crest is undoubtedly the species’ most striking feature, although it is frequently laid flat and is therefore less obvious. In all plumages and subspecies, the crest is red to orange (being paler in females), with black and blue spotting. Throughout the Royal Flycatcher’s range, it inhabits the lower levels of humid evergreen or deciduous forests, although the species also ranges into mature second growth, and edges.
. 2010. Royal Flycatcher (Onychorhynchus coronatus), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: http://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p_spp=451116
This map is based on maps available from the NatureServe InfoNatura website, for the distribution in Central America and/or Caribbean, and on a map provided by Robert S. Ridgely, for the South American distribution.
The data for the InforNatura maps are provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
- Primary Habitat:
- Foraging Strata:
- Foraging Behavior:
- Mating System:
- Nest Form:
- Clutch: -
- IUCN Status: