- Order: Passeriformes
- Family: Thamnophilidae
Nangaritza, Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador; 15 November 2009 © Nigel Voaden
An upper Amazonian endemic, like all of its congeners, the Hairy-crested Antbird is a dramatic-looking bird; in general, both sexes are principally brown, with boldly black-spotted upperparts in females, and a black face, pale bluish-white orbital skin, and a pale gray bushy crest (which is brown in one subspecies). Despite being generally uncommon and only infrequently encountered, this must be the relatively most abundant member of the genus Rhegmatorhina, if only on account of its considerably broader geographical distribution than its congenerics. The Hairy-crested Antbird is an inhabitant of lowland and foothills forests between south-central Colombia and northwest Bolivia, as well as east across western Brazil as far as the Rio Madeira. Like others of the genus, it is only likely to be encountered attending army ant swarms, where pairs or family groups perch low above the ground ‘picking off’ insect prey fleeing the melee of ants.
. 2010. Hairy-crested Antbird (Rhegmatorhina melanosticta), Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: http://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/portal/species/overview?p_p_spp=398611